Deep decarbonization of iron and steel industry.


The "2021 (12th) China Iron and Steel Development Forum" sponsored by the engineering management department of Chinese Academy of engineering and the Institute of metallurgical industry planning and research was held in Beijing on the 20th with the theme of "new stage, new concept, new pattern; carbon peak, carbon emission reduction, carbon neutralization". Nearly a thousand Chinese officials from relevant state departments, leaders of iron and steel enterprises, experts and scholars from scientific research institutes in the field of iron and steel, and domestic and foreign media reporters attended the meeting.

Li Xinchuang said that the steel industry's carbon peak and carbon emission reduction can be divided into four stages. The first stage is 2025, i.e. the peak of carbon emission; the second stage is 2030, i.e. the steady decline of carbon emission; the third stage is 2035, i.e. the significant decline of carbon emission; the fourth stage is 2060, i.e. the deep decarbonization of steel industry.

Li Xinchuang pointed out that the paths for China's iron and steel industry to reach the peak of carbon and reduce carbon emissions are as follows: first, promote green layout; second, save energy and improve energy efficiency; third, optimize energy use and process structure; fourth, build a circular economy industrial chain; fifth, apply breakthrough low-carbon technologies; sixth, build systems and support policies.

He believes that China's iron and steel industry plays an important role in the carbon summit action. As the largest producer and consumer of crude steel in the world, China's crude steel output accounts for more than half of the global crude steel output. China's steel industry accounts for more than 60% of global carbon emissions. China's steel industry accounts for about 15% of China's total carbon emissions.

It is reported that China has set the goals of reaching the national carbon peak by 2030 and achieving carbon neutrality by 2060, which are divided into four nodes: achieving low-carbon actions in key areas by 2025; reaching the carbon peak by 2030; achieving a steady decline in carbon emissions by 2035; achieving carbon neutrality by 2060.

At present, Jingtang Port Area has successfully received and unloaded two ships of imported recycled iron and steel raw materials, and several ships of imported recycled iron and steel raw materials are planned to arrive at the port one after another.

At present, relying on the advantages of concentrated iron and steel enterprises and large demand for scrap in Tangshan hinterland, Jingtang Port area is actively applying for the scrap futures delivery warehouse of Dalian Commodity Exchange to build a distribution logistics center for recycled iron and steel raw materials in Tangshan port.

Recycled iron and steel raw material is a kind of burden product which can be directly used as iron resource after classified recovery and processing. Compared with recycled iron ore, it can greatly reduce the emission of pollutants. It is not only a renewable resource, but also the only iron resource that can replace iron ore. It is an important raw material for the green development of iron and steel industry, which can alleviate the current situation of China's high dependence on imported iron ore.